East Java is a province in the eastern part of Java Island, Indonesia. The capital is Surabaya. Its area is 47,922 km ² and a population of 41,070,731 inhabitants (2011). East Java has the largest area among 6 provinces in Java Island, and has the second largest population in Indonesia after West Java, before Unpack the Banten Province. East Java bordering the Java Sea in the north, the Strait of Bali in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, as well as in the western province of Central Java. East Java also includes the island of Madura, Bawean Island, Kangean Island and a number of small islands in the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean (Sempu Island and Nusa barung).
East Java is known as a center of eastern Indonesia, and has a fairly high economic significance, which contributed 14.85% to the national Gross Domestic Product.
East Java province bordering the Java Sea in the north, Bali in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, as well as in the western province of Central Java. The length of the east-west stretch of about 400 km. The width of the north-south stretch of the west about 200 km, but in the eastern part is narrower by about 60 km. Madura is the biggest island in East Java, Java, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Madura. Bawean island located about 150 km north of Java. To the east of Madura are clusters of islands, the most eastern is Islands and the northern Kangean is Masalembu Islands. In the south there are two small islands and the island of Nusa barung Sempu.
East Java Enjoy Tourism
East Java, including the most populated area of Java. This province has a unique charm that will entice you to visit. East Java is very rich in various places your vacation alternatives. The attraction or destination that is in them: natural attractions, beaches, mountains, shopping, education, art tour, cultural tourism, marine tourism, adventure tourism, historical tourism, handicrafts, eco-tourism, agro-tourism, travel air, convention tourism, pilgrimage tours songo guardian, and also spiritual tourism.
We encourage you to visit the city of Malang to see the town hall square and Singosari temple. City of Batu has picked apples and tourist activities also temapt family recreation, East Java Park. In Malang you can enjoy waterfalls or beautiful beaches. Ijen crater can be visited from the three regions, namely Banyuwangi, Bondowoso and Jember. Travelling maritime Lamongan and Sarangan in Magetan, and still many other attractions will make Java so impressive as a family destination or adventure. For lovers of shopping, there are also attractions INTAKO, ie where industrial bags and luggage and leather handicrafts typical Tanggulangin in Sidoarjo.
Do not miss to enjoy the natural charm of the Bromo-Semeru National Park at your leisure. National Park is located between the districts Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Malang and Lumajang. This East Java tourist icon inhabited by tribes Tengger and Kasodo ceremony held every year. Do not say you’ve ever been to East Java when not to set foot on this beautiful mountain. Feel the chill in the air is clean and fresh covered with beautiful clouds. Bromo-Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia which has a unique form of sand sea covering an area of 5250 hectares, is located at an altitude of 2392 m above sea level.
An island in the eastern part of Java, the Madurese, you should visit the famous cultural karapan cattle (cow racing competitions), which is usually held in August and September every year.
History of East Java
Glory of the kingdom in Central Java declined since the 10th century. Her role was later replaced by the Majapahit kingdom based in East Java. The kingdom is controlled throughout the Indonesian archipelago, the Malay Peninsula, and parts of the Philippines for hundreds of years. Successful trade relationship with China, Cambodia, Siam, Burma, and Vietnam, during the reign of King Airlangga, East Java and Bali society managed to create trade relations with the islands in the archipelago and develop the character of Hindu culture and art to a peak of literary works to beautiful temple style.
East Java Province is connected to the rest of Java by road, regular rail, and air transportation between Surabaya and other major cities in Indonesia, including Bali which only takes about half an hour, Jakarta only 1 hour
Society and Culture
Villagers in East Java, has ties based on friendship and territorial. Various ceremonies are held, among others: tingkepan (seven months gestational age ceremony for first child), Babaran (ceremony prior to the birth of the baby), sepasaran (ceremony after the baby was five days), pitonan (ceremony after the baby was seven months old), circumcision, fiancee.
Residents of East Java generally embraced monogamy. Prior to application, the man doing the show nako’ake (asking if the girl already has a husband), after it was done peningsetan (application). The marriage ceremony was preceded by gathering or kepanggih. Communities on the west coast: Tuban, Lamongan, Gresik, even Bojonegoro woman’s family has a habit of applying common man, in contrast to the usual habits of the rest of Indonesia, where the man proposed to a woman. And generally men will then be entered into the woman’s family.
To pray for the dead, usually the family did send donga on day-1, the 3rd, 7th, 40th, 100th, 1 year, and 3 years after death.
East Java people love to do a culinary tour in other areas or in their own environment. Therefore you can satisfy culinary desires uniquely East Java. East Java provides various types of seafood, processed foods from beef and chicken, and other foods are cooked in their own unique and tantalizing taste. Make sure you do not miss to try and sate Madura soto famous.